Stationary fuel cell power systems with direct fuelcell. Fuel cells introduction fuel cells generate electricity from an electrochemical reaction in which oxygen from air and a fuel e. H 2 from natural gas through smr atscale production buckypaper and looks a lot like ordinary carbon paper, but dont be fooled by the cute name or flimsy appearance. Carbon nanotubes and nanohorn hybrid composite buckypaper as. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Platinumsputtered electrode based on blend of carbon nanotubes. The reduction of the amount of precious metal catalyst pt needed is important for realworld applications. For instance, efficient biocathodes for biofuel cells were prepared by adsorbing laccase on multiwalled cnts buckypaper fabricated by. In 1839, william grove, a british jurist and amateur physicist, first discovered the principle of the fuel cell. The fuel cell an energy conversion device that can efficiently capture and use the power of hydrogen is the key to making it happen.
Similar performance was also demonstrated in a physiological solution heller, 2004. The polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell pemfc operating on. Fuel cell problems cost cost of a new technology is always high initially until highvolume manufacturing brings cost down need initial applications without entrenched lowcost alternatives fuels for fuel cells most fuel cells use only pure hydrogen fuel not available in large quantities. This type of fuel cell runs at low temperatures and is the most popular for automotive, small stationary, and portable power. A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy of a fuel often. Maximum speed of 100 mph traveling range of 315 miles. Initial design and construction of a mobil regenerative. The nanotubes are approximately 50,000 times thinner than a human hair. Rather than extracting the chemical reactants from the plates inside the cells, a fuel cell uses hydrogen fuel and oxygen. Pdf charges stored on the surface of the airplane using buckypaper. Microporous gdes that combine the wellknown properties.
Engineering issues like how to cool the fuel cell stack and whether to pressurize the fuel cell are discussed in general terms and the feasibility of certain design options is determined. Recent advances in carbon nanotubebased enzymatic fuel cells. Ebenezer department of metallurgical and materials engineering, indian institute of technology madras, chennai. Anna stefanopoulou and huei peng fuel cell systems o. In the html thats written for the name cell in the above program output, sas is not writing out an html rowspan attribute, it is writing out the following html. Many of these operational characteristics of fuel cell systems are superior to those of conventional power generators. Recent advances on photocatalytic fuel cell for environmental. When coupled with a bioinspired protoporphyrin ix buckypaper cathode, the resulting glucose o2 fuel cell delivered a power density of 0. Ultralow platinum loading highperformance pemfcs using buckypapersupported electrodes. Briefing papers for state policymakers fuel cell technology 1 technical background a fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy of a fuel usually hydrogen derived from natural gas or biogas and an oxidant air or oxygen into electricity. Fuel cells for stationary power generation business plan.
Reaction engineering of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells a new approach to elucidate the operation and control of polymer electrolyte membrane pem fuel cells is being developed. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells pemfc jens oluf jensen summer school on materials for the hydrogen society, reykjavik, june 19. Buckypaper is a thin sheet made from an aggregate of carbon nanotubes or carbon nanotube grid paper. The electricity produced can be used to power cars, buses, laptops and mobile. The company plans to deploy a small fleet of the fuel cell borregos on roadways during 2010. For both groups, an important aim is the development of a new reversible hydrogen storage material that could greatly extend the driving range of a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle. The replacement of the carbon fiber paper cfp by a bucky paper bp. Proc report writes out every report row a single row at a time. Each of the individual projects have been approved by doe and each. It could revolutionize the way everything from airplanes to tvs are. I am not aware of any other technique to merge header cells vertically in proc report.
Progress and accomplishments in hydrogen and fuel cells pdf. Fuel cell technologies program fuel cells hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that can be used to power nearly every enduse energy need. A smart design of a photocatalytic fuel cell pfc can achieve double benefits. A fuel cell of this type was found to produce a power output of up to 430 wcm. This is a distinct advantage over conventional central plants that are. The next annex 33 meeting takes part during the european fuel cell conference, which will be held in naples, italy on december 911, 2019.
Fuel cells california state university, northridge. The research results suggest that mixed buckypapers are good candidates for catalyst supports in fuel cell applications because of their high electrocatalytic performance. The second one uses the buckypaper preparation technique which allows a flexible design of layertype gdes with tuneable. However, utc fuel cells has developed a 250 kw bus known as thunderpower and in 2005 published the system diagram in the open literature 21. Mirai literally means future, and its advanced innovations go well beyond its hydrogenpowered fuel cell system. Energy dissipation capability and impact response of carbon nanotube buckypaper. Polymer electrolyte fuel cell pefc or proton exchange membrane fuel cell pemfc the electrolyte in this type of fuel cell is made of a polymer that is a good conductor of protons. An introduction to fuel cell technology and economics.
Modeling and control of fuel cell systems and fuel processors by jay tawee pukrushpan cochairs. These fuel cells are usually based on combined heat and powerchp or micro combined heat and power microchp technology, generating both power and heated water or air. First fuel cellfirst fuel cell 3 in 1839, william grove, a british jurist and amateur physicist, first discovered the principle of the fuel cell. It is the responsibility of the customer to meet all local. Carbon nanotubes and nanohorn hybrid composite buckypaper as microporous layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cell d. The choice of electrolyte material also governs the operating temperature of the fuel cell. Molten carbonate technology danbury, connecticut power plants sizes. The benefits of integrating hydrogen and fuel cell. Introduction in contrast to conventional direct fuel cells, the challenge of an implantable direct glucose fuel cell is. Intelligent energy hydrogen fuel cells significantly.
In addition to physical testing, we also have advanced computing. Bucky paper as an electrode material for fuel cell applications. This paper seeks to act as a first introduction to fuel cell technology, and to discuss in an objective manner the pros and cons of different fuel cell types, and their suitability for differing applications. Fuel cells for stationary power generation business plan the university of oklahoma fuel cell corporation eric daugherty justice diven caroline ihejiawu kristen martinez thu nguyen lola soyebo jennifer treece 100 e. Access featured publications about nrels hydrogen and fuel cell research, development, and demonstration activities, sign up for the transportation and hydrogen newsletter, and search the publications database. Stationary fuel cells and critical power applications. A home fuel cell or a residential fuel cell is a scaled down version of industrial stationary fuel cell for primary or backup power generation. A coarsegrained molecular dynamics study heng chen a, b, liuyang zhang b, jinbao chen a, matthew becton b, xianqiao wang b, hong nie a, a college of aerospace engineering, nanjing university of aeronautics and astronautics, nanjing, jiangsu, 210016, china b college of. Carbon nanobuds, which combine carbon nanotubes and fullerenes. Novel nanotube buckypaper as electrode material for fuel cell applications. Fuel cell membrane electrode assemblies with pt loading of 0. Intelligent energy has developed a prototype of a hydrogen fuel cell powered range extender for drones. Carbon nanotubes, buckypaper, surfactant, glucose biofuel cell, supported electrocatalyst, biocathode, nanocatalyst, oxygen reduction reaction. Molten carbonate fuel cell mcfc, solid oxide fuel cell sofc are explained, describing advantages and.
Initial design and construction of a mobil regenerative fuel cell system nasacr2003212539 september 2003 national aeronautics and space administration glenn research center prepared under contract ncc370731k. The innovative mirai fuel cell electric vehicle fcev is one daring statement crafted to help shape the next generation of mobility. Fch ju fuel cells and hydrogen joint undertaking eu. Design of a fuel cell system design of a specification of requirements for a fuel cell system for the electric power generation in a 77foot sailing ship master of science thesis sebastian emanuelsson jonatan persson department of energy and environment division of electric power engineering chalmers university of technology. Reaction engineering of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel. The florida hydrogen initiative fhi is a hydrogen and fuel cell project funded for the purpose of developing a hydrogen and fuel cell infrastructure. The development of fuel cell electrodes technique was demonstrated. Functionalized singlewalled carbon nanotubebased fuel cell. Pdf novel nanotube buckypaper as electrode material for. Nanotube buckypaper electrodes for pem fuel cell applications. Fuel cells are electrochemical devices that use hydrogen.
A global reactor engineering approach is applied to pem fuel cells to identify the essential physics that govern the dynamics in pem fuel cells. It was formed by the merger of lockheed corporation with martin marietta in. An introduction to fuel cells and hydrogen technology by brian cook, heliocentris vancouver, canada whereas the 19th century was the century of the steam engine and the 20th century was the century of the internal combustion engine, it is likely that the 21st century will be the century of the fuel cell. Energy dissipation capability and impact response of. Because hydrogen production is driven by waste energy from the fuel cell process vs. The technology uses an ultraclean suresource fuel cell which converts hydrocarbon fuel to hydrogen as part of the power generation process, and which can produce extra hydrogen for purification and export to local users at lower cost and with much lower emissions. Carbon nanotubes and nanohorn hybrid composite buckypaper. A 2015 hydrogen and fuel cell development plan was created for each state in the northeast region massachusetts, vermont, new hampshire, connecticut, rhode island, maine, new york, and new jersey, with support from the united states u. Ffc cert package ffcs air agency certificate ffc services cert package looking for an aircraft fuel tank repair, a helicopter fuel cell to buy, or have a rotorcraft fuel cell that needs repairing, or maybe you need to purchase a cessna, beech or. We present novel supported electrocatalytic systems based on metallicbimetallic pt, aupt nanoparticles decorated carbon nanotubes buckypaper bp, and bilirubin oxidase bod decorated buckypaper based biocathodes in neutral medium for. A fuel cell produces electricity by means of an electrochemical reaction much like a battery. A durable fuel cell power system including hydrogen storage that achieves 60% energy efficiency when operating at peak power and that offers a 325 wkg power density and 220 wl operating on hydrogen. The company will unveil its prototype at ces 2016, january 69 in las vegas.342 1427 561 854 1415 373 1078 218 1138 214 99 1528 1533 1378 205 101 1071 575 1435 1498 1253 933 1395 24 611 829 159 1498